On August 8, Sam KENDRICKS, the pole-vaulter from the USA, became the new World champion in London.
And he certainly doesn't know the origin of his sport...
And he certainly doesn't know why he should thank the Highland Games....
The origins of pole-vaulting:
Before becoming an olympic event in 1896, pole-vaulting was one of the most spectacular events of the Highland Games and one of the first track and field competitions in the second half of the 19th century.
Dave Webster, the historian of the Highland Games, has just sent me this rare document with his commentaries:
"Hello, Alain. Here is a VERY old paper with a list of pole vault results at Highland Games in Victorian times. I think it may be the only such list in existence".
It's an exceptionnal priviledge for the blog to post it.
Il's a proof that pole-vaulting, just like shot put or hammer throw or even wrestling, was a Highland Games event before becoming an Olympic event.
From Highland Games to Olympic Games
Pole-vaulting became an Olympic event after Pierre de Courbertin discovered a Highland Games Show during the Paris Exhibition of 1889, seven years before he organized the first modern Olympic Games in Athens.
Gardiner and Mc Lean, the best pole-vaulters of that time couldn't jump 6,08 meters (19' 11) like French champion Lavillenie or dream of Bubka's 6,15 m (20' 2).
The conditions were quite different, of course and Dave Webster (photo Joannick Briand) can explain why:
Q. & A. with Dave Webster
Pole vaulting yesterday and today
"It would be wrong to compare todays results with the pioneers of the sport. Now we have boxes in which to 'plant' the pole and springy poles to catapult the athlete into the air and over the bar".
Origins of this event
"It was said to have originated from using poles to cross streams and also to get over walls during invasons. I find the latter hard to believe".
Development in the US
"George Goldie of Princeton College was the man who popularised pole vaulting in America. He was described as the "father of the pole vault". I understand that he was born in Edinburgh and went from there to Canada and later to Princeton University where he introduced "the Caledonian Games". This was the birth of track and field in America and of course the pole vault was included.
Of course he was not the originator of pole vaulting"
To wear or not to wear a kilt
"A vital part is also the landing area. Now we have wonderful safe landings whereas in the past they had some earth or sand to land on. It was not a case of how high you could vault but how high you could FALL without hurting yourself."
"Firstly, I have never considered Baron de Coubertin "stealing" Scottish sports events. It is a great compliment from such a sporting icon. A large part of my life has been spent encouraging people to benefit from such intriguing activities".
- MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF THE HIGHLAND GAMES
A good tip from the blogger: Just read Dave Webster's new book
- MORE ABOUT THE OLYMPIC GAMES
Just a click on www.lesgeantsdolympie.com
- ALREADY ON LINE:
"Pourquoi Lavillenie peut dire merci aux Highland Games" (next article)
An offbeat article in French written by the blogger . You just have to roll down the blog
POLEVAULTING IN VIDEO
A short film by the blogger during the Track and Field European Championship in Helsinki, Finland: 5.97 m for Renaud Lavillenie, the French polevaulter.
Twice as high as the Highland Games champions a century ago.
Hope you've enjoyed it...
AN INTERESTING LINK ABOUT POLE-VAULTING IN SCOTLAND
The place: Inverness
The decade: the 1920's
Ready! Steady! Jump!